New Politics Vol. XIV No. 2, Whole Number 54

  • From the Editors
  • Special Section: Europe
    • Statement on Greece, Campaign for Peace and Democracy
    • Europe at a Dark Crossroads: Letter from France, Richard Greeman
    • The State of Anti-Austerity Struggles in Greece, Costas Panayotakis
    • The Netherlands: Neoliberal Dreams in Times of Austerity, Alex De Jong
    • The Left in Europe: Interview with Leo Panitch, Adaner Usmani
  • Special Section: Race, A Counterrevolution
    • “Who Do You Protect, Who Do You Serve?”, Lichi D’amelio
    • Race and Counterrevolution, Stephen Steinberg
    • President Obama and the Crisis of Black America: Interview with Cornel West, Dan La Botz
  • The Dilemma of Freedom of Conscience: Lenin on Religion, the National Question, and the Bund, Roland Boer
  • Marxism Today: Some Observations, Paul Buhle
  • Traitors, Spies, and Military Tribunals, Eric Chester
  • The Church and the Critical Left in Cuba, Samuel Farber
  • Economic Recovery from Below, Barry Finger
  • A Visit to Bikernieki, John Halle
  • After the Elections: Which Way for the Left?, Thomas Harrison
  • The Road Home: Bosnians Return, Andrea Oskari Rossini
  • Book Reviews
    • George Fish, Rev. of Derick Shannon, Anthony J. Nocella Ii, and John Asimakopoulos, eds., The Accumulation of Freedom
    • Dan La Botz, Rev. of Enrique Krauze, Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America
    • Manfred Mcdowell, Rev. of Amy Sonnie and James Tracy, Hillbilly Nationalists
    • Victor Osprey, Rev. of Ezequiel Adamovsky, Anti-Capitalism
    • Charles Post, Rev. of Clarence Taylor, Reds at the Blackboard
    • Bhaskar Sunkara, Rev. of Lucio Magri, The Tailor of Ulm
  • Words And Pictures
    • Kent Worcester, From The Sixties to the Present, An Interview with Lisa Lyons

In this issue:

From the Editors

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Too often we have witnessed the political reversal of men and women who began fully committed to liberty, equality, and fraternity and ended up as reactionaries. Max Shachtman, James Burnham, Sidney Hook, Irving Kristol, Wilhelm Reich…. We were saddened by their radical change. Benito Mussolini and Jacques Doriot were even more egregious examples. These are people who have besmirched what once were their core values.

We Stand with the Greek People Fighting Austerity, For Their Sake and Ours

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ImageSEPTEMBER 2012—What is happening today in Greece is only the most extreme example of a global phenomenon: the world’s political and economic elites, who are responsible for the current economic crisis, want to make the rest of us pay for that crisis, no matter how much suffering this creates.

Europe at a Dark Crossroads: Letter from France

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ImageWhen New Politics asked me this July to write a piece about France under the new Socialist government, I excitedly drove out to Serviers-et-La Baume — my Provençal sweetheart Elyane’s little village located in the heart of la France profonde — to interview her rural neighbor Robert about this big change (and sip some of his home-made plum brandy).

The State of Anti-Austerity Struggles in Greece

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ImageIn recent years Greece has come to exemplify the attempt of capitalist elites to respond to the global capitalist crisis through an attack on the rights and living standards of workers and ordinary citizens around the world.

The Netherlands: Neoliberal Dreams in Times of Austerity

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Describing Dutch society and politics in 2012, sociologist Willem Schinkel used the metaphor of a museum.[1] Conservative and turned inward, Dutch society is afraid of change, fixated on something called "Dutch values." One expression of this is the right-wing, nationalist populism that since a decade stood in the center of Dutch politics and public debate. Social-economic policies were guided by an unquestioned acceptance of neoliberal principles. The elections of 2012 seemed a chance to break with this pattern.

The Left in Europe: From Social Democracy to the Crisis in the Euro Zone An Interview with Leo Panitch

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Adaner Usmani: I wanted to begin by asking you about the history that precedes the crisis, and specifically about the evolution of European social democracy. On the one hand we have seen social democratic governments in Greece, France and elsewhere entirely complicit in the evisceration of the welfare state, and in the imposition of austerity. On the other hand, the tradition of which they’re a part brought many benefits to Europe’s working classes. The welfare state is a real achievement, after all, and it’s arguably held up better than many radicals argue. Certainly there’s a strong current of academic literature, known as the Varieties of Capitalism (VOC) school, which argues that its degeneration has been overstated.

"Who Do You Protect, Who Do You Serve?": The Struggle Against Police Brutality in New York

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In the first days of October, NYPD Officer Kenneth Boss had his gun returned to him by Commissioner Ray Kelly after 13 years. Boss was one of four officers charged with the 1999 murder of 23-year-old Amadou Diallo. Diallo died in the vestibule of his apartment building in the Soundview section of the Bronx in a hail of 41 police bullets, 19 of which penetrated his body. Boss’s weapon was found to have fired 5 rounds.

Race and Counterrevolution [1]

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Optimism is the prozac of the sociological imagination. Indeed, several of sociology’s founders were disaffected children of Baptist ministers who substituted millenarian ideals with the secular version of a heaven on earth. The men of the Chicago school conceived of sociology as a secular eschatology that would be an instrument of social amelioration. What’s wrong with that, you might be thinking? Nothing at all — except when it leads to a false optimism where we look upon the world through rose-tinted glasses.

President Obama and the Crisis of Black America: Interview with Cornel West

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NP: For four years we’ve had an African-American president, and that has led some people to argue that we are living in a post-racial society. What do you think of this argument?

The Dilemma of Freedom of Conscience: Lenin on Religion, the National Question and the Bund

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ImageLenin’s name is not one usually associated with freedom of conscience. Was he not the doctrinaire sectarian who brooked no difference of opinion? Did he not trample over his own convictions in the callous quest for power?[1] Careful consideration of his texts reveals a very different picture, one in which he struggles to articulate a radical freedom of conscience.

Marxism Today: Some Observations

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A new edition of Marxism in the U.S. seems to have come at a propitious historical moment not only for global society but also for phenomena that can still, with many reservations, be called Marxism, Marxist ideas, Marxist-based projects. The particular crises at hand, economic, social, political, and ecological, are so numerous and fast-breaking that headlines are likely to overtake specifics even before words reach print. But crises they are.

Traitors, Spies and Military Tribunals: The Assault on Civil Liberties During World War I

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ImageIntroduction: On December 31, 2011 President Barack Obama signed into law the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2011.

The Church and the Critical Left in Cuba

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ImageThe influence of the Catholic Church in Cuba is growing, a recent and unanticipated development. Why? Has there been a big religious revival that has filled the Church pews? Not really. So, if there has not been a major increase in Catholic religiosity, why has the Catholic Church become important? For entirely political reasons.

Economic Recovery from Below: Notes on the Insufficiency of "Taxing the Rich"

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ImageTaxing the rich has a venerable tradition on the left. It is, after all, one of Marx and Engels’ ten transitional demands in the Communist Manifesto, later to be declared antiquated in their 1872 preface to the document.

A Visit to Bikernieki

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Bikernieki forest on the outskirts of Riga is where the three to five thousand Jews who had managed to survive starvation, the freezing cold, and random executions of the Riga Ghetto were put to death in 1941. Not long after, the same fate would be met by some 30,000 additional Jews from numerous cities in Germany, Austria, and Czechoslovakia who had in the intervening months been transported there to be temporarily warehoused in the newly vacant ghetto.

After the Elections: Which Way for the Left?

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In contrast to the intense euphoria so widespread in 2008, the dominant emotion in the run-up to the 2012 election was fear, a well-founded fear of Republican savagery. Once the results were in, rather than entertaining hopes for a brighter future, most Democratic voters were probably just relieved. Obama was swept back into office chiefly by a coalition of blacks, Latinos, unionized workers, youth, and low income Americans—that is, by the very people who have suffered most from the policies of his administration.

The Road Home: Bosnians’ Return

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"When they broke through the front line, up there, we only had 4 or 5 hours to leave the village. We left in a hurry, a bag on our shoulders, to save our lives."

      Duško looks up at the hill behind his house. On September 15, 1995, when Vozu´ca in the adjacent valley fell, he abandoned all his belongings and became a refugee. Over two million people, during the war in Bosnia Herzegovina (BiH), from 1992 to 1995, suffered the same fate.

review

Anarchist Economics and the Socialist-Anarchist Dialogue

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With the emergence of anarchism as a significant ideology on the contemporary left, the idea of socialist-anarchist dialogue on political issues and socialist-anarchist alliance and cooperation on issues of mutual concern has gained significant currency on the socialist left. Socialist-anarchist alliance was raised rather gushingly by Ursula McTaggart in her article, "Can We Build Socialist-Anarchist Alliances?

review

The Machete and the Pen

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In Redeemers: Ideas and Power in Latin America, Enrique Krauze is interested in all of the most romantic figures of the modern left in Latin America, those who lived as militant missionaries, often died as martyrs, and were canonized by the left as saints, men like José Martí, Che Guevara, Subcomandante Marcos, and Hugo Chávez.

review

A Step into America

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In June 1966, protesting the shooting of James Meredith, the solo freedom marcher, Peggy Terry was among the crowds in Greenwood Mississippi who, in response to Stokely Carmichael’s question "What do you want?," had roared "Black Power! Black Power!" While others were bewildered, Terry recalls "there was never any rift in my mind or my heart. I just felt Black people were doing what they should be doing.

review

An Essential Anti-Capitalist Primer

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It’s unsurprising why Trotskyists were annoyed by this book. In one section it depicts a bearded and bespectacled leftist intellectual, in an impeccable illustration, lecturing protesters who are engaged in a confrontation with police that: "I’ve come to show you how to fight capitalism." Under his arm, is a book with "Trotsky" emblazoned across the front.

review

Social Unionism Without the Workplace?

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Teachers and teacher unions have been under neoliberal attack since the Carnegie Foundation’s 1983 Nation At Risk. However, since the appointment of Arne Duncan as Obama’s Secretary of Education they have been on the sharp-end of the neoliberal attack on working people. Teachers are routinely demonized as ineffective, privileged public employees who are virtually unaccountable.

review

Italian Lessons

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Amid twinkling fingers and Guy Fawkes masks, few were pining for central committees. Occupy’s emergence was welcomed. The movement galvanized radicals, bringing the language of class and economic justice into view. Yet an unwarranted arrogance underlined the protests. Occupy, in part a media event that mobilized relatively few, was quick to assert its novelty and earth-shattering significance.

From the Sixties to the Present

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Which came first, your interest in politics or your interest in cartooning?

      They actually began together, when I was 13 or 14, with a badly drawn, over-the-top, heartfelt diatribe against my mother’s consumerism. Even though I was just a white, middle class teenager in Connecticut, I was indignant about inequality and injustice.

How did you get started as a political cartoonist?

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