Author: Paul Ortiz

Paul Ortiz is director of the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program and associate professor of History at the University of Florida. He has taught as well as lectured on C.L.R. James’s works in universities and in community organizing workshops. He is finishing a book titled, Our Separate Struggles are Really One: African American and Latino Histories, which will be published in Beacon Press’s Revisioning American History series.

Derrick White is a visiting associate professor of History and African American Studies at Dartmouth College. He is the author of The Challenge of Blackness: The Institute of the Black World and Political Activism in the 1970s. He is finishing a book inspired by C.L.R. James’s Beyond a Boundary and titled, Blood, Sweat, and Tears: Florida A. & M. University, Black College Football, and Athletic Congregation in the Twentieth Century, which will be published by University Press of Florida. 


In 1971 the Institute of the Black World (IBW) was at a crossroads. Founded in 1969 by historian Vincent Harding, literary scholar Stephen Henderson, and other scholars in the colleges that comprised the Atlanta University Center (AUC), as well as with the support of leading national researchers of the African American experience, the IBW served as the intellectual wing of the Martin Luther King Center.