Author: Bret Gustafson

Nicole Fabricant teaches anthropology at Towson University and is the author of Mobilizing Bolivia’s Displaced: Indigenous Politics and the Struggle over Land (UNC Press).

Bret Gustafson teaches anthropology at Washington University in St. Louis and is the author of New Languages of the State: Indigenous Resurgence and the Politics of Knowledge in Bolivia (Duke University Press). He is currently working on a new book entitled Energy and Empire: Bolivia in the Age of Gas.

Nicole Fabricant and Bret Gustafson are on the editorial board of NACLA Report on the Americas. They co-edit NACLA’s environmental blog called Contested Natures. They edited a volume called Remapping Bolivia: Resources, Indigeneity and Territory in a Plurinational State (SAR Press, 2011).

Bolivia Update: Arce’s First Year

In October and November of 2019, clashes over the validity of presidential elections in Bolivia led to protests and the eventual ouster of the leftist Indigenous president Evo Morales, in what most observers characterized as a coup.  In the year . . .

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Bolivia’s Elections

The Return of Democracy and an Uncertain Future

Bolivia has given the world an impressive lesson in democracy, but reactionary sectors of the country are once again revealing their anti-democratic impulse.

Socialism from Below? Bolivia in an Age of Extractivism


Bolivia received global attention for its anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist social movements in the twenty-first century. Best known perhaps were the Water Wars, against water privatization, in 2000 and the Gas Wars, demanding nationalization of the gas industry, in 2003. These rebellions entailed a radical rethinking of natural resource use and distribution.