Author: Abira Ashfaq

ABIRA ASHFAQ is an attorney living in the Bay Area. She did detention work for four years in New England, defending non-citizens in immigration custody. "Reflections of an Immigration Attorney" appeared in New Politics #37 (Summer 2004).

Voices from Prison and a Call for Repeal: The Hudood Laws of Pakistan

In 1979, there were seventy women in prisons all over Pakistan. By 1988, this figure was six thousand. The reason — the Hudood Ordinances. Promulgated in 1979 by military dictator Zia-ul-Huq in an effort to Islamize the laws of the country, these have been the subject of much controversy and debate.