Valerio Arcary is recently retired as a professor from the Federal Institute of São Paulo (FSP). He holds a Doctorate in History from the University of São Paulo and has been a Trotskyist organizer since the Portuguese Carnation Revolution. He is the author of several books in Portuguese, including O Martelo da História (History’s Hammer) and is a regular columnist at www.EsquerdaOnLine.com.br.
There prevailed among the twentieth-century left a barbarous tradition of settling political differences by use of the most monstrous methods. The worst aberrations were the aggressions that Stalinism naturalized. But those who suffered the most from this violence were not . . .
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