Torture and Historical Memory

by Robert Pallitto

1. Richard Posner, "Torture, Terrorism and Interrogation," in Sanford Levinson, ed., Torture: A Collection. New York: Oxford, 2004.

2. Alice Ristroph, "Professors Strangelove," 11 Green Bag 2d 243 (2008).

3. This conversation is recounted by Arthur Kinoy in Rights on Trial: The Odyssey of a People’s Lawyer. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

4. Massachusetts Body of Liberties, Available at Massachusetts Library. Accessed April 15, 2011.

5. Letter from George Washington to the Continenetal Congress. Available at American Memory, Library of Congress. Accessed April 15, 2011.

6. State v. Mann, 11 N.C. 263 (1829).

7. Brown v. Mississippi, 297 U.S. 278 (1936)

8. KUBARK manual. Accessed April 15, 2011.

9. U.S. ex rel. Maxwell v. Gilmore, 37 F. Supp.2d 1078 (N.D. Ill. 1999)

10. Report of the Committees of the Senate of the United States for the 2nd sess., 38th cong. (1864-1865). Washington, Government Printing Office, 1865, p. 26.

11. Moorfield Storey and Julian Codman, Marked Severities: Secretary Root’s Record in Philippine Warfare (Boston: George W. Ellis, 1902), pp. 44-45

12. Thomas P. Crocker, "Overcoming Necessity: Torture and the State of Constitutional Culture," 61 Southern Methodist Law Review 221, 230 (2008).

13. Ibid., p. 244.

14. American State Papers, 1789-1838: Foreign Relations, vol. 1, 13th Cong., 2nd sess., publication no. 36; Christopher Waldrep, Lynching in America: A History in Documents (New York: New York University Press, 2006), p. 67.

15. Louis Fisher, Nazi Saboteurs on Trial: A Military Tribunal and American Law. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas, 2003.

16. Colin Dayan, The Story of Cruel and Unusual. Cambridge, MA: Boston Review, 2007.

17. John T. Parry, "Fighting Terrorism with Torture: Where to Draw the Line?" 1 Journal of National Security Law and Policy 253, 276 (2005).

18. Parry, "Fighting Terrorism with Torture," pp. 257-259.

19. Ibid. p. 275.

20. Gunter Frankenberg, "Torture and Taboo: An Essay Comparing Paradigms of Organized Cruelty," 56 American Journal of Comparative Law 403, 407 (2008).

21. Jeremy Waldron, "Torture and Positive Law: Jurisprudence for the White House," 105 Columbia Law Review 1681, 1687 (2005).