Socialism from Below? Bolivia in an Age of Extractivism


1. Linda Farthing, “An opportunity squandered: elites, social movements and the government of Evo Morales,” Latin American Perspectives, forthcoming.

2. Nicole Fabricant and Bret Gustafson, “Revolutionary Extractivism in Bolivia: Imagining Alternative World Orders from the Ground up.”

3. Pablo Solon, “Bolivia’s Process of Change Needs a Change in Course.”

4. Nicole Fabricant and Bret Gustafson, “Revolutionary Extraction? Mapping the political economy of gas, soy and mineral production in Evo Morales’s Bolivia.”

5. For more on landed inequality in the East, see Jean Friedsky, “Land Wars in Bolivia.”

6. Farthing.

7. Solon.

8. George Ciccariello-Maher, Building the Commune: Radical Democracy in Venezuela (Verso Press, 2016).

9. Solon.

10. Farthing.

11. Rene Zavaleta Mercado, “Bolivia Will Be a Socialist Country or It Will Never Be a Modern Country,” NACLA’s Latin America and Empire Report (Vol.8, no. 2, 1974), 10-11.