Rethinking the State

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1. S. Gupta, et al., “Policies, Instruments and Co-operative Arrangements,” in Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, ed. B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007), p. 748. Online here. On the science, also see: James Hansen, Storms of My Grandchildren: The Truth About the Coming Climate Catastrophe and Our Last Chance to Save Humanity (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2009); Bill McKibben, Earth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet (New York: Henry Holt & Co., 2010); Tim Flannery, The Weather Makers: How Man Is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth (New York: HarperCollins, 2006); Elizabeth Kolbert, Field Notes from a Catastrophe: Man, Nature and Climate Change (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2006); Eugene Linden, The Winds of Change: Climate, Weather, and the Destruction of Civilizations (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006); Al Gore, Earth in the Balance (New York: Plume, 1993); Al Gore, An Inconvenient Truth (New York: Rodale Books, 2006); George Monbiot, Heat: How to Stop the Planet from Burning (New York: Doubleday, 2006). Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis: Human and Natural Drivers of Climate Change, IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (2007). Latest atmospheric CO2 concentrations can be found here. 

2. James Hansen’s website.

3. J. R. McNeill, Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2001). See chapter 4 for examples of post-1970 improvements in air quality. The EPA’s view of progress is here.

4. These are ideas coming from a book that I’m currently working on.

5. Michael Perelman, “Marx and Resources,” Environment, Technology and Society, No. 51 (Winter 1988); Michael Perelman, “Marx and Resource Scarcity,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1993),  65-84; John Bellamy Foster, “Marx’s Theory of Metabolic Rift: Classical Foundations for Environmental Sociology,” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 105, No. 2 (Sept. 1999),  366-405. Also see Jason W. Moore, “Transcending the Metabolic Rift: A Theory of Crises in the Capitalist World-Ecology,” Journal of Peasant Studies, vol. 38, no. 1 (Jan. 2011),  1–46.

6. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Selected Works (Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1970), vol. II,  9-30.

7. One of the few essays to ever point this out came to my attention recently. Jody Emel, Matthew T. Huber, and Madoshi H. Makene, “Extracting Sovereignty: Capital, Territory, and Gold Mining in Tanzania,” Political Geography, Vol. 30, No. 2 (Feb. 2011), 70 -79.

8. H.H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills, From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (New York: Galaxy Books, 1958), “Politics as a Vocation,” 77-128, quotation found on page 78.

9. Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, 1781-82, Query 1.

10. John Bell Rae “Federal Land Grants in Aid of Canals,” Journal of Economic History, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Nov. 1944), 167-77.

11. Summary, arguments and decision of Mass. v. EPA.

12. Christian Parenti “The Big Green Buy: How Obama can use the government’s purchasing power to spark the clean-energy revolution,” The Nation, August 2-9, 2010. Or for more recent calculations, see Nate Silver, “What Is Driving Growth in Government Spending?New York Times Blog FiveThirtyEight, Jan. 16, 2013.