Removing the Stigma of Past Incarceration: “Ban the Box” Laws

by Bill Mosley

1. Travis, Jeremy. “Rethinking Prison Education in the Era of Mass Incarceration.” Keynote address delivered at the University Faculty Senate Conference on Higher Education in Prisons, City University of New York Graduate Center, February 4, 2011.

2. National Employment Law Project website.

3. NAACP Criminal Justice Fact Sheet.

4. Western, Bruce, “The Impact of Incarceration on Wage Mobility and Inequality,” American Sociological Review, August, 2002.

5. Liptak, Adam, “U.S. Prison Population Dwarfs That of Other Nations,” New York Times, April 23, 2008.

6. Roots, Roger, When the Past is a Prison: The Hardening Plight of the American Ex-Convict, University of Nevada-Las Vegas, Department of Sociology.

7. National Employment Law Project website.

8. United States Crime Rates 1960-2011,