The Jobs Crisis: How to Solve It and Begin to Fix Our Broken Economy

by Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg and Marguerite G. Rosenthal

1. Catherine Rampell, "Bleak outlook for long-term unemployed," New York Times, July 1, 2010, Economix, Accessed July 29, 2010; Motoko Rich, "U.S. Lost 131,000 Jobs as Governments Cut Back," New York Times, April 6, 2010. Accessed October 28, 2010.


2. Philip Harvey, "A Job-led Recovery Strategy." Camden, NJ, Rutgers School of Law, 2010.

3. Ibid.

4. Bruce Western, Punishment and Inequality in America, (N.Y.: Russell Sage Foundation, 2007), pp. 89-90, calculated from U.S. Census Bureau Household Survey.

5. U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Civilian Unemployment Rate, Monthly, 1948-2010; U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2009a). Historical hours and earnings. Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved March 29, 2010.

6. Andrea Orr, Older men face long job searches. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, June 17, 2010. Retrieved October 25, 2010.

7. Polly Callaghan and Heidi Hartmann, (Washington, D.C: Economic Policy Institute, 1992), Contingent Work: A Chart Book on Full-Time and Temporary Work.

8. Matthew Day, Susan Houseman and Ann Polivka, "What do we know about Contracting Out in the U.S.?" (Kalamazoo, MI: Upjohn Institute, Staff Working Paper No. 09-157, 2nd rev., Sept. 09); Abel Valenzuela, Jr., Nik Theodore, Edwin Melendez and Ana Luz Gonzalez, January 2006. On the Corner: Day Labor in the United States, UCLA Center for the Study of Urban Poverty; Ruth Milkman, "Flexibility for Whom? Inequality in Work-Life Policies and Practices" in Ann C. Crouter and Alan Booth, Eds., Work-Life Policies, (Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute Press, 2009).

9. Annette Bernhardt et al., Broken Laws, Unprotected Workers: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America’s Cities. (Chicago: Center for Urban Economic Development; New York City: National Employment Law Project and Los Angeles: Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, 2009).

10. Kai Filion and Andrea Orr, "Jobs…but Low Pay." (Washington, D.C.: Economic Policy Institute, Aug. 27, 2010).

11. Franklin D. Roosevelt. State of the Union Address, January 11, 1944.

12. United Nations. (1948). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 23.(New York: Author).

13. Charles Bell, Helen Lachs Ginsburg, Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg, Philip Harvey, and June Zaccone, Shared Prosperity and the Drive for Decent Work. New York, National Jobs for All Coalition; Helen Lachs Ginsburg and Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg, Decent Work and Public Investment: A Proposal. New Labor Forum, Spring, 2008, pp. 123-133; Ron Baiman, William Barclay, Sidney Hollander, Joe Persky, Elce Redmond, and Mel Rothenberg, A Permanent Jobs Program for the U.S.: Economic Restructuring to Meet Human Needs. Chicago, Chicago Political Economy Group, February 2009.

14. Nancy Rose, Put to Work: The WPA and PublicEmployment in the Great Depression, 2nd. Ed., (New York: Monthly Review Press, 2009).

15. Ibid.

16. Alice Kessler-Harris, Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United States, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982).

17. William Leuchtenburg, Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932-1940. (New York: Harper, 1963), p. 130.

18. Arthur E. Burns and Edward A. Williams, Federal Work, Security, and Relief Programs, Research Monograph XXIV, Federal Works Agency and Work Projects Administration. (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1941), p. 74.

19. Irving Bernstein, A Caring Society: The New Deal, the Workers, and the Great Depression. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1985), p. 149.

20. June Hopkins, Harry Hopkins: Sudden Hero, Brash Reformer (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999), pp. 184, 189.

21. Frances Perkins, The Roosevelt I Knew (New York: Viking Press, 1946), pp. 188-189.

22. Paul Krugman, "Hey, Small Spender," New York Times, October 10, 2010, p. A23.

23. Ryan Lizza, "Inside the Crisis: Larry Summers and the White House Economic Team. New Yorker, October 12, 2009, pp. 80ff.

24. Alan S. Blinder and Mark Zandi. "How the Great Recession Was Brought to an End," July 27, 2010. Retrieved September 25, 2010,

25. John Harwood, "Mystery for White House: Where Did the Jobs Go? "The Politics and Government Blog of the Times. July 19, 2010. Retrieved October 7, 2010.

26. Philip Harvey, Learning from the New Deal. Camden, NJ, Rutgers School of Law, July 20, 2010.

27. Harold Meyerson, “Work History: Why America Needs—But Probably Won’t Get—a 2010 Version of the Depression-era Public Jobs Programs,” American Prospect, May 10, 2010.

28. Ibid.

29. National Association of Towns and Townships, 2010 Federal Platform (author).

30. Harvey, 2010 [see note 26].

31. Lori Montgomery, “GOP Plan to Extend Cuts for Rich Adds $36 billion to Deficit, Panel Finds,” Washington Post, August 12. Retrieved October 8, 2010.

32. Harvey, 2010 [See note 2]

33. James Galbraith, "In Defense of Deficits." The Nation, March 22, 2010, 2-4.

34. Ibid.

35. Robert Eisner, "Why the Deficit Isn’t All Bad: Balancing Our Deficit Thinking." The Nation, December 11, 1995, pp. 743-745

36. Ibid., pp. 744-745.

37. Our Fiscal Security, "The Budget Deficit and the Debt: What You Need to Know.”

38. Bennett Harrison and Barry Bluestone. The Great U-turn: Corporate Restructuring and the Polarization of America. New York: Basic Books, 1988, citing Samuel Bowles, David M. Gordon, and Thomas E. Weiskopf, "Power and Profits: The Social Structure of Accumulation and the Profitability of the Postwar U.S. Economy," Review of Radical Political Economics, 1985, 18, pp. 1-2.

39. Kevin P. Phillips, The Politics of Rich and Poor: Wealth and the American Electorate in the Reagan Aftermath (New York: Random House, 1990).

40. William Greider, Who Will Tell the People? The Betrayal of American Democracy (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992).

41. Kevin P. Phillips, Wealth and Democracy: A Political History of the American Rich (New York: Broadway Books, 2002).

42. Elizabeth Warren and Alma W. Tyagi, The Two-Income Trap: Why Middle-class Mothers and Fathers Are Going Broke (New York: Basic Books, 2003).

43. Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, January 21, 2010.

44. Robert Pollin and Dean Baker, "Reindustrializing America: A Proposal for Reviving U.S. Manufacturing and Creating Millions of Good Jobs." New Labor Forum, Spring 2010, pp. 17-34.